In the event of the preparation of a susceptibility map to the mass removal processes that affect the town of Puente del Inca, the controversial genesis of the Horcones deposit was reviewed. The morphology of the deposit and the surrounding landscape, the mineralogy and texture of its materials were analyzed and finally radiometric dating was performed. Based on these studies, it is concluded that the Horcones deposit is the result of a saturated flow derived from a rock avalanche or mega-slide, caused by the collapse of a watershed on the southern wall of Mount Aconcagua, during times late glacial or postglacial Aconcagua 360 Route. Deposits similar to Horcones fill the Cuevas river valley to the east and are covered by others, which were also previously considered glacial (e.g. terminal moraine of the Penitentes Drift). The analysis of this material in the vicinity of the town of Penitentes, using a similar methodology, reveals that it corresponds to a large-scale flow coming from the Mario Ardito creek. According to these new interpretations, the need to carry out an exhaustive review of the glacial stratigraphy in the area is clear. New ideas also arise regarding the genesis of the Puente del Inca natural monument. Finally, understanding the geomorphological evolution of the southern wall of Mount Aconcagua sheds light on the Horcones glacier surges. The southern wall of the How to Climb Aconcagua hill (6,965 m a.s.l.) constitutes an unusual morphological feature; With a drop of around 2,700 m, it is one of the great walls of the Earth. In it, rocky outcrops alternate with hanging glaciers, from which ice avalanches break off, giving this slope a greater risk. We rarely stop to think how these walls originated or, if we do, we combine: tectonic ascent, erosion and thousands of years, to finally give rise to a free interpretation. In the case of the southern wall of Aconcagua, among the erosive processes that the Aconcagua Guided Climb modeled, there were no less than two rock avalanches, which we will also call mega-slides (because of their enormous volume), which originated flows whose deposits have been previously interpreted by other authors as glaciers. The discrepancies about deposits assigned indistinctly to the Pleistocene glaciations or to mass removal are long-standing in our geological literature. During the studies carried out in the foothills of Mendoza, Dessanti (1946) described the “Morena del Quemado”, reinterpreted by Polanski (1953) as Cenoglomerate del Quemado and assigned to flows associated with rising debris. In fact, based on the different interpretation criteria of the deposit, the existence of an extensive englazation of the piedmont was being discussed.
Fernando arrived, who commands the expedition. His presence is very important because he balances the group, plus he is the one with the most experience and knowledge. Welcome dear Fernando!!!
They are discussing where to spend the night before attempting the summit, on Thursday or Friday. Originally it was Nido de Cóndores, now Berlin is 400mts higher (6000mts) which means 2 hours less walking the day we will attempt the summit. Aconcagua
I will support what Fernando says, who commands the expedition. For me he must make the decision and take responsibility for it.
I’m going to try to rent a sleeping bag thicker than mine because here with 10 degrees below zero it works fine, but with 25 degrees below zero I don’t know what will happen, and that’s the probable temperature in Berlin.
Today I tried to communicate with the whole family, but I only managed to talk to Pablo and Chichi (Lili’s mother). I told them about our current plans and experiences and gave them the numbers to call Lili, the girls and mom (Cuca’s phone number). did not answer) I was moved when I spoke with Pablo and told him about the importance of loved ones in these extreme experiences. Aconcagua 360 Route
At approximately 9:00 p.m. I started looking at the stars with my long eyes, I never get tired of doing it and here, due to the height and the absence of smog, that poison that “progress” generates, they look spectacular. I brought a photocopy of the star map of Carlita’s book, and I quickly began to identify the different constellations, starting from the well-known and easily identifiable ones such as the Southern Cross to the south and Orion to the north, so they appeared, “La Popa” ,”La Vela” “Carina” next to Canopus, that great star that, together with Sirius, is one of the brightest and that since ancient times served as a guide for navigators and it is from them that one is oriented to identify the less bright ones. my view Taurus, Gemini, Canis Major and Minor, alpha and beta Centauri, the closest stars only 20 light years from the sun, the Magellanic clouds which are the closest galaxies to ours and discovered by the famous navigator and the beautifull s Pleiades… what a privilege to be able to see and enjoy this, how many men and women from the beginning of humanity, (100 thousand years ago) will have been moved by this spectacle, the same because for the How to Climb Aconcagua universe 100 thousand years is not time, how many questions They will have done looking at the tremendous immensity of the universe, which, as we now know, is approximately fifteen billion years old and has dimensions incomprehensible to the human mind… For example, the Milky Way, our great galaxy, is 100,000 light years in diameter (traveling to 300 thousand km per second for 100 thousand years!!!) and there are millions of galaxies and billions of stars… I remember that Carl Sagan, in his book Cosmos, says that … the sun and our beloved earth with 4700 million years old etc… I try to imagine looking at the sky these dimensions and these times, my capacity is totally exceeded…
During the trip and approach marches, a diet of fresh vegetables, meats, salads, milk, eggs, and fruits will be projected as much as possible in camp. As for the altitude menu, the dominant factor should be the choice of food by the mountaineer himself according to his tastes, always considering the caloric wealth necessary for eating at altitude. It will be complemented with some vitamin complex compensates for the diet deficiencies in some of its aspects. A fundamental factor in the diet is represented by the ingestion of at least 2 liters of liquid. In Mendoza, you can buy everything you need for food, including some dehydrated foods.
Generally from December to March. Experience indicates that although the “peak” months are colder, their climate is more stable. A correct calculation of the time is to have several reserve days planned to wait for the right time in the storm. A “Sombrerete de humo,” white wind on the Aconcagua Summit, is a sign of a storm in height, advising not to continue ascending.
HEIGHTS AND TYPES OF LAND
Mendoza, 735 meters above sea level. Capital city.
Los Puquios. Mule service for the transport of expeditions. A place for campers (in front of the Andinistas cemetery), 1 km. before Puente del Inca on the route from Mendoza.
Inca Bridge 2,730 mts. Broken. Roads, Police, Telegraph, etc. There is an inn.
Laguna Horcones, 2,900 mts. Lagoon and glacial moraines. Ranger Control.
Confluence, 3,200 meters. Broken. Animal Trail.
Plaza de Mulas Superior, 4,230 mts. Glacial moray eels. Track.
Portezuelo “Manso”, 5,200 mts. Haulage. Paths.
Refuge “Antártida Argentina”, 5,500 mts. Haulage. Paths.
Shelters 6,000 mts. Pedregal. Traces of snow.
Shelters 6,500 mts. Scree and snow.
Peñón Martínez. Pedregal, 6,600 mts.
Final gutter, 6,800 mts. Large stones. Tilt approximately 45 °.
South summit, 6,900 mts. Passages of rock, ice, snow.
North summit, 6,959 mts. Rocky. A Christian cross frames it, and an Argentine flag guards it. Aconcagua, my first high mountain !!!. Why Aconcagua? A companion asked the question of the expedition, a German, who had already done a couple of experiences in height, Mont Blanc and Kilimanjaro. I replied that the Aconcagua 360 Route is “the most” for an Argentine, the highest peak, outside the Himalayan chain, our mountain, our symbol of height, of challenge, and it is there … just there.
Now I have so much to show, so much to tell, feelings that come from its peak … over-effort meets courage.
It was not a walk; it was not a pleasure trip; it was not even something pleasant. A very high mountain, located in one of the coldest and driest regions, temperatures of -30 degrees with an ambient humidity of 5%, make it a rugged mountain to climb, so much so that the great experts consider it 8,000 meters.
But everything started lower and in stages. At this point, several issues must be considered: clothing, physical condition, acclimatization, motivation and, above all, planning
We define it as the activity that makes us work on cardiovascular endurance, which makes us reach the limit with lung capacity and high pulsations in a prolonged period of no less than 30 continuous minutes — examples: running, swimming, cycling.
Power-strength: Exercises that give us specific work. Spinal, push-ups, etc.
Backpack: Training while carrying an expedition backpack is always cheerful. Fundamental for a good Aconcagua Guided Climb
It is convenient to start with no less than 7 kg + the backpack’s weight, but the most significant thing is to know how to adjust the straps well and the correct size. The backpack is not the same for a woman or man who weighs less than 50 kg and measures 1.60 than for a man of 85 kg and 1.80; remember that it is vital to get backpacks for everyone’s body. These exercises may be done on stairs.
Technical: we can include everything related to the terrain (ideal for an Aconcagua 360 Route), walk on an unstable slope, with loose stones such as hauling, with snow or ice, with sections of rock or exposed edges. Also, work with the balance of the body. This will give us much more security when walking down the slopes and gutters of Aconcagua or any other mountain. Output: It provides us with the practice we need and see where we stand with the training process. Take a walk in the mountains, the forests of Patagonia, the slopes of Mendoza and San Juan, or any other undulating place that will allow us to close the circle. One of the 5 points that I usually present as a difficulty for activities in the mountains is psychological or mental. It is not easy to spend 18 days without knowing almost anything about your loved ones and living with people who do not have the customs or habits.
Several situations in an expedition can condition our performance and throw away the exhaustive preparation work of weeks and months.
The feeling of loneliness when we ask ourselves How to climb Aconcagua , the tiny connection with those of my group, the contact with the unknown, missing your loved ones, the rules of coexistence in a hostile environment, the extended overnight stay in a tent, an Alone or in the company of someone “forced” and mainly the negative sensations that the climate may cause me, such as height, wind, and extreme cold. We have to work on the previous one with our head, so the exits that I can add before will be very useful for this.
For those who want to know part of the Aconcagua 360 Route environment and its base, trekking through the Aconcagua Provincial Park is an excellent option. In addition to the mountaineering routes that allow you to ascend to the top of Aconcagua, the Provincial Park offers numerous circuits with different levels of difficulty.The walks through these circuits invite you to know how to climb Aconcagua and to pass through landscapes of snow-capped mountains, deep valleys with panoramic viewpoints and mighty rivers. Some of these routes correspond to gentle 2-hour hiking trails, while other more complex ones comprise 7 days of trekking.
Continuing with the group of birds, you will be able to locate the Muscisaxicola cinerea that frequents the proximity of mountain rivers and streams, the Andean comosebo with a showy dark cap that contrasts with the yellow-white ventral part, the leaden yal, the agachona necklace whose name refers to the custom of “flattening” against the ground.
Another characteristic animal of the area is the guanaco whose ability to live in steep terrain is greater than that of the vicuña, there are also populations of the emblematic puma and red fox.
It is the most important water mirror in the Aconcagua Park, this lagoon is created by the melting of the glaciers that are in the surroundings and is also fed by the meltwater of the Tolosa hill.
The Laguna de Horcones is located 2,950 meters above sea level, it is part of a small wetland formed by five lagoons and meadows; These wetlands are characterized by presenting a biological diversity of plants and animals. This entire valley was covered during successive periods by large glaciers.
The Laguna de Horcones circuit is a route of almost 2 kilometers long that can be covered in an hour. It is the only path that is allowed to be done throughout the year, unlike ascents to the summit or trekking to base camps that have well-defined seasonal dates.
There is the possibility of hiring Aconcagua Guided climb, it is recommended if you do not have previous experience, or want to know every detail and path of this wonderful natural environment.
In the 73 thousand hectares that the park covers, it can be observed that a shrub, stunted or creeping vegetation predominates, and in the areas near the peaks the dominant vegetation is the shrubby steppe, low and scattered, with a predominance of the iros, which are hard compact shepherd shrubs, generally yellowish.
As for the fauna of the Aconcagua Provincial Park, you can see the condor that with a wingspan close to three meters and a height that when perched exceeds 90 centimeters is considered the largest flying bird, flies with extraordinary skill over the valleys and the hills of the area. It is the great protagonist of the area!