When in 1954, on February 25, the French Pierre Lesueur, Adrién Dagorý, Edmund Denís, Lucien Berardiní, Guy Poulet, under the command of René Ferlet, opened the route of the central spur that leads directly to the summit, it was conceptualized as the most remarkable feat of the technical mountaineering. In 1984, the French Marie Bouchard became the first woman to overcome the wall. Previously, in January 1982, a group of Yugoslavs led by Zarko Trusnovec, displaying high sportsmanship and refined technique, performed the Aconcagua 360 Route
It is assumed that its immense mass will not have gone unnoticed by the primitive settlers since it stands out clearly at a distance from its neighboring colossi. Its indigenous name, and according to those who affirm that it is of Quichua origin (the language of the Inca invaders), would derive from “acon cahuak,” which would be translated as ‘stone sentinel.’ Those who root in the Mapuche (the ethnic group that lived thousands of years at the foot of the mountain range). Affirm that it comes from “aconca hué.” a Mapuche expression applied to the river of the same name, which is said in Chile, ‘comes from the other side. ‘since ancient beliefs assumed that the Aconcagua river was born on the slopes of the mountain of the same name. The highest peak in America has been located in the department of Las Heras, belonging to the province of Mendoza (Argentine Republic). According to the “diversion aquarium” system (‘water divider’), it does not constitute an international limit since its waters run entirely towards the Argentine territory. How to climb Aconcagua
It is surrounded to the west and southwest by the Quebrada and the Valle de Los Horcones, which serve as the bed of the river of the same name; on the south side. The lower Quebrada de Horcones; to the north and east the Valley of Las Vacas, running through the homonymous river; On the eastern slopes, the stream of the neighs is born, which will swell the waters of the Vacas River.
The Aconcagua Guided Climb is not a volcano; it is a wide pedestal of marine sediments covered by an andesitic volcanic mass that forms part of its summit. It is a high massif that culminates in two peaks, north, and south, the first of which is the highest. It is located approximately between 70 ° west longitude and 32 ° 40 ‘south latitude, in Argentine territory. There is some controversy regarding its exact height due to the diversity of measurement systems and their margins of error.
According to the Geodesic Commission of the Faculty of Exact Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires, it has a height of 6961 m, with an error of 1 meter. In the surroundings, many peaks exceed 5000 meters, in which it is possible to apply all kinds of techniques, from straightforward ascent to rock and ice climbing.