For athletes who come from the plains or low altitude places, a stay of 2 or 3 days in Puente del Inca is advisable. During the visit to this area, walks and ascents can be made in adjacent hills, which contribute to better acclimatization. Another highly advisable attitude would be to arrange the shipment of the more significant load by mules to the base camp, and then the members make the journey on foot.
A moderate gait requires a walk that can be done comfortably in two days: the first to Confluencia (Horcones Inferior) and Plaza de Mulas. It is recommended to make animal reservations well in advance. Once the Aconcagua Argentina Base Camp has been installed, acclimatization practices will be carried out, the surroundings. Depending on the physical conditions, you can try the ascent of Cerro Catedral or Cuerno; failing that, the cargo can be transferred to the high altitude camps and returned to Plaza de Mulas. This practice of ascending and descending at a lower altitude greatly benefits acclimatization. According to scientific reports, the acclimatization period varies according to people .young people acclimatize worse; the best age is between 30 and 40 or 45 years old. Nervous balance is critical in acclimatization.
Another problem to consider is the descent of Mount Aconcagua. If you sleep poorly, you recover badly. Very mild sleeping pills must be administered. Suppose acclimatization is a corrective phenomenon of the elements put to the test and always compatible with life. In that case, adaptation is a harsh discipline of the organism that seeks to compensate the limits of what is possible, the elements incompatible with life: the rarefaction of the air, the decrease in atmospheric pressure, cold, dryness, alkalosis, etc.
At altitudes above 6,500 meters. (maximum acclimatization zone), the individual lives only from his reserves from the need to interrupt the stay in the high altitudes descending to the points where he can recover. In this way, with frequent rocking, acclimatization can be achieved. The maximum time to stay at that altitude can be determined without the appearance of deterioration phenomena, a severe alarm signal. The “mountain sickness” usually manifests itself through the following symptoms:
Acute malaise with headaches, nausea, vomiting, feeling sick, and feeling sick.
Brain edema with severe headache, unsteady gait, mental and visual disturbances, nausea, coma, etc.
Pulmonary edema manifested through respiratory difficulties, cyanosis, tachycardia, cough, restlessness, etc., is typical in Aconcagua.
These signs and symptoms overlap in such a way that they often occur in combination. They are stages of the same process and have a common denominator: the decrease of oxygen in the air. All these manifestations can be prevented and overcome by adequate acclimatization. Knowing the signs and symptoms of altitude sickness will allow the athlete to avoid severe disorders, even death, which can occur briefly. Patients who descend rapidly to lower heights generally recover well, which is not the case with those who do not do so in time. The recommended behavior in such cases is to descend to a lower altitude when the slightest symptom of the illness is noticed.